The case of a geo-specific beauty brand name: necessary or not?
The skincare brand Olay originated in South Africa in the early 1950s. Invented by an ex-Unilever employee, the original product went by the name of Oil of Olay, chosen as a spin on its key ingredient “lanolin”. The thick pink liquid was marketed as an anti-aging ‘beauty fluid’ and in the 1970s the range expanded to include other types of skincare products.
In the 1980s, Oil of Olay was acquired by Proctor & Gamble and in 2000 the group decided to take it global. So the name was modified in each country to sound “pleasing to consumers”: Oil of Ulay (UK and Ireland), Oil of Ulan (Australia) and Oil of Olaz (France, Italy, the Netherlands and Germany).
P&G eventually streamlined the brand under a global name, removed the possibly misunderstood word “oil” and eliminated many of the name variations. According to P&G, “the original name no longer fit with what women have come to expect from Olay — a light, greaseless formula.
Today, there’s just « Olaz » (in German-speaking countries) and « Olay » (everywhere else).
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